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Alexander Graham Bell
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Although Alexander Graham Bell is accredited with inventing the telephone the honour in fact goes to an Italian inventor Antonio Meucci who actually invented it in 1849. Unfortunately he didn't get the glory. The problem was he couldn't afford the cost of the patent. Bell at one time even shared a laboratory with Meucci. If Bell had been an honourable man he wouldn't have taken the credit and reaped the rewards. Meucci received nothing for all his work, which was wrong. He may have been a talented man but in this case he seems to have behaved shamefully. Although Meucci did get the recognition it came over hundred years to late for him to benefit.
Alexander Graham Bell originally came from Scotland having been born in Edinburgh in March 1847. His family taught elocution, his mother was deaf and after his education in Scotland he began to study acoustics. In 1870 the family went to live in Canada by then he had already begun to become interested in telephony. In 1873 he found a job in Montreal where he taught the method visible speech which was based on the phonetic alphabet and helped the deaf to speak. From there he became a professor at Boston University. But he carried on with his desire to invent a telephone. In 1876 he got a patent for his invention and the Bell telephone company was established in 1877. He went on to receive numerous awards.
But although he is associated very much with the telephone, his interest didn't stop there. In 1877 he married Mabel Hubbard, who coincidentally was deaf like his mother and together they had four children. Their son died when he was still a baby having suffered breathing difficulties. The loss made him want to help this type of condition so he invented a jacket made of metal that could assist breathing.
He also went on to invent the metal detector in 1881. And with the next big thing flight he helped to develop a plane called Silver Dart. In the 1900's he created a boat that held the world speed record for a good few years.

© Children's Web Magazine 2005

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